Rajiv Awas Yojana(RAY)
RAY has been launched in September 2009 with a vision to make India slum-free. It is proposed to provide the slum dwellers decent and affordable shelter, all basic amenities and social infrastructure like community halls, urban health centres, primary schools, night shelters, livelihood centres etc. in all slums on par with rest of the town while eliminating slum like conditions. The definition of slum would be as per the definition of the Dr. Pranab Sen Committee Report on Slum Statistics/Census i.e.
“A slum is a compact settlement of at least 20 households with a collection of poorly built tenements, mostly of temporary nature, crowded together usually with inadequate sanitary and drinking water facilities in unhygienic conditions” for all States except the North Eastern and Special Category States. In these States compact settlements of 10-15 households having the same characteristics as above would be considered as slums.
RAY for slum dwellers and the urban poor envisage a ‘Slum-Free India’ through:
- Bringing existing slums within the formal system and enabling them to avail of the same level of basic amenities as the rest of the town;
- Redressing the failures of the formal system that lie behind the creation of slums; and
- Tackling the shortages of urban land and housing that keep shelter out of reach of the urban poor and force them to resort to extra-legal solutions in a bid to retain their sources of livelihood and employment
Rajiv Awas Yojana was launched in Odisha in November 2011 in five cities including Cuttack.
There are two stages in RAY Project:
- Preparatory Stage from November 2011 to June 2013.
- Implementation stage form 2013- 2022.
- For housing– Central Govt share – 50%, State Govt share- 25% and Beneficiaries share -25%.
- For Infrastructure Development: Central Govt share – 50%, State Govt share- 25% and ULBs share -25%.
OPERATIONALIZATION OF CLTC:
M/S. Rudrabhishek Enterprise Pvt. Ltd has been engaged by the H&UD department, Govt. of Odisha to act as CLTC under CMC. Also M/S SPARC has been engaged for conducting Socio Economic Survey, M/S. HDI has been engaged as lead NGO and M/S. ABBSYS has been engaged to conduct GIS survey by the strength of Govt. order to respective agencies.
THE OUTRUN OF THE AGENCIES ARE AS FOLLOWS:
Socio Economic Survey has been conducted in 264 slums in which 180 nos of authorised slums and 84 nos of un authorised slums have been identified. Also 127 nos of tenable slums, 79 nos of untenable slums and 58 nos of semi tenable slums have been identified. There are 32,106 nos of households having population of 1, 29,471 have been recorded during survey. HDI has conducted meetings in 263 slums and has mobilized the slum dwellers ( beneficiaries) to participate in the Micro Planning Committee(MPC) meeting where the benefits of RAY project has been explained to slum dwellers in each slums. Minutes of the MPC meetings have been recorded in presence of the beneficiaries, elected representatives of concerned ward along with signature of CLTC officials. GIS survey has been completed in 229 slums out of 264 slums.
PROVISIONS OF BENEFITS UNDER RAY:
- New Housing:slum dwellers without pucca houses should be provided with new dwelling unit (single storey or multi-storied building) of carpet area between 21-27 sqm. With two rooms, kitchen, bathroom, water sealed toilet And individual potable water connection facility.
- Incremental Housing:during the assessment of housing needs, it may be determined that the existing dwelling units built by the slum dwellers may Need improvement i.e. If the dwelling unit is a pucca construction but having Less than the desired minimum floor space or rooms, additional provision of Rooms, toilets etc. should be considered to meet the minimum criteria so as to facilitate housing unit up-gradation. In case land is not available for expansion, vertical development may be considered. Provision of individual water supply, Sanitation etc. should also be considered, where so required. As specified in the para above, for incremental housing also the central support shall be limited to the carpet area of 21-27 sqm.
- Infrastructure Development:Infrastructure components would include all basic civic infrastructure and social amenities like water supply, sewerage, drainage, solid waste management, approach and internal road, street lighting etc. and community facilities such as pre-schools, child care centres, health centres/sub-centres, livelihoods centres etc.
PREPARATION OF DPR:
A pilot project consist of 10 slums have been prepared in situ construction with built up area of 28.73 sqm with one Room, one Utility, Kitchen, Toilet , Septic tank, Service connection and Water pipe connection to each DU to the tune of Rs.25.83 Crores. The project has been sanctioned in the Central Sanctioning and Monitoring Committee on 5th December 2012 the same has been technically sanctioned by the Chief Engineer, PH (Urban) BBSR on 18th September 2013. NBCC has been engaged as Project Management Consultant for implementation of 10 pilot projects. Under due intimation to govt. by CMC vide letter no 1880 (PW) dated 22/07/14. And approval of the SLNA has been accorded in their letter no 1873 dated 18th September 2014 to the Commissioner, CMC. The N.B.C.C has signed MoU on 11.11.2014.
STATUS OF EXECUTION WORK IN PILOT PROJECT:
- Balmiki Nagar Munda Sahi: 112 nos of beneficiaries have been selected. Execution works of 8 numbers of septic tanks for 32 nos of DUs are under progress.
- Tulasipur Baurisahi :147 nos of beneficiaries have been selected. Earth work of excavation of foundation is in progress in 3 nos of plots.
- Pithapur Panasahi :49 nos of beneficiaries have been selected. Earthwork in excavation of foundation is in progress in 5 plots.
- Nima sahi Panasahi: 57 nos of beneficiaries have been selected. Earthwork in excavation of foundation is in progress in 3 plots.
- Purighat Panasahi:38 nos of beneficiaries have been selected. Earthwork in excavation of foundation is in progress in 8 plots
- Dolamundai Baurisahi: 25 nos of beneficiaries have been selected. There was no provision of transit house in the original estimate. The beneficiaries & representative of the corporator demanded construction of transit house for all the beneficiaries before removal of the thatched house. Hence no meeting has been conducted for implementation of RAY project.
- Lunia sahi Panasahi:40 nos of beneficiaries have been selected. There was no provision of transit house in the original estimate. The beneficiaries & representative of the corporator demanded construction of transit house for all the beneficiaries before removal of the thatched house. Hence no meeting has been conducted for implementation of RAY project.
- Muradkhan Patna:56 nos of beneficiaries have been selected. The earthwork in excavation of foundation is in progress in 5 nos of DUs. The Lean concrete work has been completed in 3 nos plots.
- Nuapada Balisahi:48 nos of beneficiaries have been selected. Amin of the CMC has been directed to give demarcation of the plots in the slum.
- Darghapatna Sabar sahi:30 nos of beneficiaries have been selected. Amin of the CMC has been directed to give demarcation of the plots in the slum.
Building Construction materials such sand, H.B.G metal and fly ash bricks have been collected in slums where construction work has already been started.
SLUM FREE CITY PLAN OF ACTION (SFCPoA):
SFCPoA, is a city level action plan & has developed for upgrading the existing slums and planning for provision of houses for the urban poor for the next 10-15 years for Cuttack Municipal Corporation. The plan has two parts; Part –I- The Curative Strategy includes Slum Improvement or Redevelopment of all existing slums and Part-II for Prevention of Future Slums, includes estimating and delineating the development of affordable housing for the urban poor and revision to the existing urban policies to enable housing for urban poor. While formulating the above two broad strategies, the ‘Slum Free City Plan of Action’ has been taken into consideration the present status of slums, the priorities of slum dwellers, the resources and capabilities of the city in improving the quality of life of the urban poor and the capacity of the urban poor to be partners in this development process. The aim of formulation of SFCPoA is to adopt an inclusive and whole city approach so that integrated and holistic plan will be prepared for the up gradation of all existing slums, notified or non notified in the city along with a preventative strategy to restrict further formation of new slums.The main object of the SFCPoA is to bring all the existing slums within a formal system and to enable them to avail the basic services as the rest of the city has been provided. The steps to be taken for redressal the causes of failure of the formal system which lies behind the creation of slums. The major part of the SFCPoA is to tackle the shortage of urban land and housing that keeps shelter out of reach of the urban poor and force them to resort to extra legal solutions in a bid to retain their sources of livelihood and employment.The scope of the studies is limited to formulation of SFCPoA for all slums identified in Cuttack city and identification of priority slums through deficiency matrix analysis of all the slums. After identification of the priority slums the best suited option /mode of slum redevelopment and up gradation will be proposed which will facilitate the formulation of DPR for individual slums at a later stage.M/S. STESALIT Ltd. a Kolkata based company has been selected by SLNA vide letter no 1340/HUD, Bhubaneswar dated 14/01/2015 for preparation of Slum Free City Plan of Action (SFCPoA) for CMC and consultant has signed the MoU on 16th April 2015. The consultant has been provided with required information on socio economic survey, GIS Survey report as per the requirement of the consultant by the CLTC, Cuttack. CMC has requested District Sub Registrar to provide ward wise circle rate and up to date ownership status of the land owners to the consultant vide this office letter no 698 dated 29/06/2015. As per the agreement the consultant has to complete the assignment within 16th July 2015.The consultant, during preparation of SFCPoA visited all the wards and met the concerned corporators for verification and validation of data provided by CLTC. The consultant has completed the data base validation work in 263 slums of 59 wards of CMC and has submitted draft concept note and inception report to CMC on 02/07/2015.